Salivary gland tumours

Salivary gland tumours

Lumps are usually due to benign (non-cancerous) tumours within the gland. Other causes include lymph glands and cysts. Some lumps are cancerous and therefore any lump should be fully investigated by a specialist. Symptoms are usually of a painless and slow growing swelling in relation to one or other glands.

Investigations:

Following clinical examination the following may be ordered

Ultrasound: this will be the first line of investigation. A needle biopsy may be performed at the same time

MRI

CT

Treatment:

Most lumps require removal in order to be certain of the diagnosis and to prevent the lump from increasing in size and causing problems. These procedures are usually carried out under general anaesthetic.

Risks of the procedure:

< Nerve damage: Nerve that moves the face runs within the gland. The risk of damage to the nerve is less than 1%. Sometimes there will temporary weakness of the face.

Scar: similar to face lift incision. May extend to the neck

Deformity: a depression where the lump was removed may persist

IMAGE OF SALIVARY GLAND TUMOUR

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