Facial skin cancer

This is the most common type of skin cancer. It rarely metastasizes or kills, but it is still considered malignant because it can cause significant destruction and disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues. Statistically, approximately 3 out of 10 Caucasians develop a basal cell cancer within their lifetime. There are several types. The ulcerative type is commonly known as Rodent ulcer. 80% of the cancer occurs in the head and neck.

What Should I do? Seek advice  from your doctor. He will refer you to the specialist for further management.

What will happen next? The specialist will perform necessary test to confirm the diagnosis and discuss the treatment

Will it spread? BCC is relatively slow growing tumour. It has a tendency to destroy local structures. It does not spread elsewhere.

Treatment: It is usually treated surgically i.e it is removed with a margin of normal tissue. The defect is closed with either a skin graft or skin from the surrounding region (flap). Other modalities of treatment are radiotherapy, PDT, chemical treatment

Squamous Cell Carcinoma(SCC)

This  is the second commonest skin cancer. This is more aggressive than BCC. It has a tendency to grow fast and spread to the local lymph nodes(glands)

What Should I do? Seek advice  from your doctor. He will refer you to the specialist for further management.

What will happen next? The specialist will perform necessary test to confirm the diagnosis and discuss the treatment

Will it spread? Unlike BCC this cancer has a tendency to spread to the lymph nodes

Treatment: It is usually treated surgically i.e it is removed with a margin of normal tissue. The defect is closed with either a skin graft or skin from the surrounding region (flap). Removal of the lymph nodes may be done if they have spread to them. Radiotherapy(xray treatment) may also be done in addition to surgery.

Image of Squamouscell carcinoma

Melanoma

This is the third commonest type of skin cancer. It develops from the pigment forming cells of the skin. 

What Should I do? Seek advice  from your doctor. He will refer you to the specialist for further management.

What will happen next? The specialist will perform necessary test to confirm the diagnosis and discuss the treatment

Will it spread? Unlike BCC this cancer has a tendency to spread to the lymph nodes and sometimes to the rest of the body (Liver,lungs etc).

Treatment: It is usually treated surgically i.e it is removed with a margin of normal tissue. The defect is closed with either a skin graft or skin from the surrounding region (flap). Removal of the lymph nodes may be done if they have spread to them. This usually does not respond to radiotherapy.

In Archive